Grasses & Pasture Mixes
We carry or have access to most pasture species. Below is information on our most common species and the varieties that we are carrying for 2019.
Pasture Mixes - Pre Blended
Waterway Mix - Our custom developed waterway mix is a durable blend of premium grasses that can be used for hay or grazing as needed. Waterway Mix contains Endophyte Free Tall Fescue, Perennial Ryegrasses, Timothy, and Bluegrass. Waterway mix will form sod to help hold soil in place in many sloped areas including dry dams, waterways and ditches. Use 25# (1bag) per acre!
Beefmaster - Beefmaster by Barenbrug is a special formulation of forage grasses and white clover that is ideal for stocker cattle and beef cows and calves. Beefmaster contains endophyte-free soft-leaved tall fescue which is highly digestible and increases overall dry matter intake compared to rough-leaf tall fescues. Along with soft-leaf tall fescue, the orchard grass variety included in Beefmaster is grazing tolerant and maintains productivity even under close grazing. Beefmaster also contains new persistent varieties of perennial ryegrass which further improve the forage quality of the pasture. The final component of Beefmaster is Alice White Clover to help provide nutrition and nitrogen in this premium pasture mix. Highly productive, high energy forage varieties in Beefmaster provide rapid weight gains in beef cattle.
Equinemaster- is a paddock mixture especially made for horse pastures. Because horses have both upper and lower teeth, they graze the grass close to the soil, causing damage to plants. Also, horses are very active animals and put a lot of traffic pressure on grass. Equinemaster is developed to include at least tall fescue, bluegrass, and ryegrass. Equinemaster is guaranteed endophyte-free.
Milkway - This mix is specially formulated for Dairy Operations. Milkway contains a blend of premium meadow and tall fescues. All of the products are endophyte-free in order to achieve maximum gain and production.
MWGF All Stock - This mix of highly digestible, vigorous, and persistent pasture species is suited for all classes of livestock. Its complex formula allows it to be used even under less than ideal conditions. It is a perfect mixture for smaller acreage fields that require a long-lasting, high-quality pasture. All stock contains endophyte-free tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, and orchardgrass.
Individual Species (We can custome blend!)
Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a bunch-type grass that produces an extensive fibrous root system suited for hay or rotational grazing. It starts growth in early spring, develops rapidly, and flowers during late May. Orchardgrass reproduces from seed and tiller formation. One of the more productive grasses in midsummer, it is shade tolerant and very palatable. Highest yields of good quality are obtained at boot to early head stage of maturity. Orchardgrass is better suited to rotational grazing than continuous systems. Orchardgrass should not be grazed until it is 6-8 inches tall and no shorter than three to four inches. Because of its open growth habit, legumes do well in mixtures. Orchardgrass requires well-drained soils for persistent stands.
HLR - a premium blend of late maturing orchardgrass. HLR is well suited to alfalfa pastures and provides exceptional quality and palatability
Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Darbysh.) is a deep-rooted, sod-forming bunchgrass but can appear sod-like in thick stands. Its heavy fibrous root system is valuable in erosion control. Low endophyte varieties and beneficial endophyte (novel) varieties are available and are recommended for new seedings. Tall fescue is the best-adapted cool-season grass for stockpiling or accumulating growth for use in the fall and winter. It generally has greater quality in the fall and winter and can provide much of the spring, fall and winter feed for a beef herd. Tall fescue should be harvested for hay in the boot stage. Fescue can withstand closer grazing and more abuse than most cool-season grasses. Fescue should not be grazed closer than three or four inches. Allow at least 30 days for the fescue to recover.
Cajun II (endophyte free)
STF-43 Soft Leaf
BarOptima 34+ (novel endophyte, soft leafed)
Smooth Bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a widely adapted high-yielding grass species for northern and central Illinois. It is a sod- forming grass which reproduces from seed and spreads by creeping rhizomes. It grows to a height of 3-4 feet. It is productive but has a summer slump when moisture is low and temperatures are high. It produces well in the spring and fall and can utilize high fertility. Hay should be cut based upon legume maturity leaving a 3-4 inch stubble. Initial grazing height should be 6-8 inches. Do not over-graze and remove the growing point. Regrowth will generate from the crown and this will weaken the plant and slow regrowth. Minimum grazing height should be 3 inches. The minimum rest period should be 28 days when grazed.
Perennial Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is a bunch-type grass and will generally survive several growing seasons. Perennial Ryegrass requires a dormancy period of cool temperatures before it can induce flowering. Ryegrass can withstand considerable grazing pressure and remain productive. It is less persistent than other cool-season grasses. Tetraploids have larger leaves, fewer but larger tillers, and a more open ground cover that is more suited to legume mixtures. They also have a higher percentage of sugars in the forage than diploids. Both the seed and seedlings of tetraploid varieties are larger, but the growth following emergence and persistence is greater for diploid varieties. First time harvest should be delayed until a height of 10-12 inches is reached. Ryegrass contains less dry matter and requires a longer curing time before baling. Established stands can be grazed when spring growth reaches 2-3 inches tall. Greater yields are achieved with rotational grazing. A system which allows 7-10 inches of regrowth between grazings will benefit grass yield as well as persistence. Animals should be removed when the ryegrass height is 2 inches.
Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) establishes quite rapidly, which gives high productivity in the planting season. When planted in the spring annual ryegrass will not head in the seeding year and remain vegetative. This species is mainly used for overseeding warm season pastures in the fall or as a cover crop. It is capable of producing high forage yields in a very short period of time. Some persistent varieties will overwinter and then head vigorously.
Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a perennial, bunch-type, shallow-rooted grass that is popular for hay and pasture. It does not commonly produce high yields and fall regrowth is less than other cool-season grasses. Because of its later maturity, it will have higher quality later in the spring. It is in demand for horse hay because of its high quality and low dust content. Grazing can begin at six to eight inches in height. Graze no closer than three to four inches. The stand will be reduced if overgrazing is allowed. Rotational grazing helps to provide a rest period.
Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a perennial, sod-forming cool-season grass. It grows to a height of 12-23 inches. It goes dormant more quickly in the summer than other cool-season species. It has good regrowth if the temperature and moisture are favorable. Bluegrass should not be grazed lower than 3 inches. It is not suited to hay. Legumes increase its value.
Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea) is a tall, upright-growing perennial with a rhizomatous root system. It is one of the first cool-season grasses to stop growing and lose its green color in the fall. Pure stands will respond to very high rates of nitrogen and will make more summer growth than other cool season grass. Low-alkaloid varieties are more palatable and should be used instead of high-alkaloid varieties. Reed Canarygrass is drought and flood tolerant. It is adapted to nearly all soil conditions. Because of its spring growth, it is a good practice to graze early forage. This will delay haying until weather conditions are more favorable. Hay should be cut at boot to early head stage. A cutting height of four inches should be maintained. It should not be allowed to grow higher than 10 -12 inches in a grazing program and 12 - 18 inches in a hay situation to maintain quality and control growth. Reed Canarygrass is considered an invasive species because of its growth habit and needs to be managed accordingly.